By Lee N. Smith
 OEHHA has proposed that
glyphosate be listed with a No Significant Risk Level (NSRL) of 1100 micrograms
per day. For chemicals assessed under Prop 65 for cancer sets a threshold  risk level which represents no significant risk shall be one which is calculated to result in one excess case of cancer in an exposed population of 100,000, assuming lifetime exposure at the level in question.
This glyphosfate value was based on the results of the most sensitive scientific
study to be deemed by the agency to be of sufficient quality.  The effective date of this
listing has not been determined pending the resolution of litigation with
Monsanto regarding OEHHA’s use of the IARC findings.
The deadline for filing
comments with OEHHA regarding this listing is May 22.
California progressed in its effort to list Monsanto’s  herbicide a
carcinogen, after a judge in Fresno ruled finally in mid-March that the state could rely on
international standards in its effort require cancer warnings on Roundup.
“The Labor Code
listing mechanism does not constitute an unconstitutional delegation of
authority to an outside agency, since the voters and the Legislature have
established the basic legislative scheme and made the fundamental policy
decision with regard to listing possible carcinogens under Proposition 65, and
then allowed the IARC to make the highly technical fact-finding decisions with
regard to which specific chemicals would be added to the list,” Fresno Superior
Court Judge Kristi Kapetan wrote.
The IARC refers to the
International Agency for Research on Cancer, a division of the World Health
Organization. The agency listed glyphosate – the main ingredient in Roundup –
as a “probable carcinogen to humans” in March 2015.
The listing prompted
California’s Office of Environmental Health Hazards to file a notice of intent
to list the chemical as a possible carcinogen as required by Proposition 65,
passed by voters in 1986.
After office filed the
notice in September 2015 Monsanto quickly sued, claiming the reliance on the
IARC guidelines was unconstitutional.Monsanto maintains glyphosate is safe.